World Wildlife day AND Endangered Animals in India
WORLD WILDLIFE DAY
To celebrate World Wildlife Day the many beautiful and varied forms of wild flora and fauna and to raise awareness among people this day i.e. 3rd March is celebrated as World Wildlife Day. The wildlife crime, which has wide-ranging environmental, economic and social impacts need to be looked into urgently. This day gives us message to get serious about wildlife crime.
The United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) On 20 December 2013, at its 68th session, decided to promulgate 3 March, the day of the adoption of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), as World Wildlife Day, to celebrate and raise awareness of the world’s wild flora and fauna.
The 16th meeting of the Conference of the Parties to CITES (CoP16) held in Bangkok from 3 – 14 March 2013. CITES (With 180 Member States) remains one of the world’s most powerful tools for biodiversity conservation through the regulation of trade in wild fauna and flora.
UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon’s message for World Wildlife Day:-
“IT’S TIME TO GET SERIOUS ABOUT WILDLIFE CRIME”
ENDANGERED ANIMALS IN INDIA:–
A variety of plants and animals live on earth (Including endangered animals in India). Mostly of them live in the forests. Forests with flora and fauna are essential for maintaining the ecological balance and important for survival of mankind. Forests provide them with home and food. Earlier the food, water, air were fresh which no pollution but now due to procuring land for cultivation, building houses & factories, using wood as fuel and furniture destroyed natural habitat making it unfit for living.
Below are some endangered animals in India which are on the edge of extinction:-
Felide family,which includes Asiatic Lion, Bengal Tigers, wild cats and leopard found in India are on the edge of extiction Because of excessive poaching. There is nearly 1411 Royal Bengal Tiger left in India. Asiatic or great India lion only found in Gir national park. Snow leopard is found only in Himalaya Ranges. Snow leopard and another felide member clouded leopard are the two highly endangered species of big cats found now only in great range of Himalayas.
The Ganges River Dolphin which belong to Cetacea family that includes marine mammals porpoises and whales. In India Dolphins are primarily found in the Ganges and Brahmaputra River and their tributaries. They share their habitat with crocodiles, fresh water turtles and many more. is the National Aquatic Animal of India is the Blind Dolphin of holy river Ganges.
The gharial is one of the three crocodilians found in India the longest of all living crocodilians. The holy river Ganges is the favorable habitat of the Gharial in India. The gharial is listed as a most critically endangered species in India. One of the major cause of mass gharial tragedy in rivers is “polluted river water”.
The Great Indian Rhinoceros (One Horned Rhinoceros) is found in India and has a single black horn which is present in both male and female. The Great Indian Rhinoceros is the fourth largest animal in the world. This endangered species is mainly found in the parts of north-eastern India. Currently about 3,000 rhinos live in the forests and 2,000 of which are found in Manas and Kaziranga National Park( Assam). Excessive hunting for its horn by poachers is main cause.
The Great Indian bustard is one of the world’s heaviest flying birds and is one of the unique birds of Indian Sub continent. The Great Indian bustard is found only in some parts of Rajasthan, Maharashtra, and Gujarat. The species is threatened by hunting and loss of its habitat and their number are less than 1000 .
Indian Vulture is one the Endangered (close to extinction) birds of India. Indian Vultures are found dead and dying throughout India. They feed on meat. The animals are dying due to eating contaminated crops full of pesticides , insecticides. Due to no efforts and corrupted governments still the use of these toxic things has not yet stopped. The meat of these dead animals is eaten by eagles, vultures which resulted in their mass death. Indian King Vulture is found in Gujarat, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh.
Black buck (Kala Hiran) is a species of antelope and is found mainly in India. It is one of the most beautiful and attractive animal of antelope species in India. Black buck population has been drastically reduced because of excessive poaching and loss in its natural habitat. The Antelopes of India can be seen in a few protected areas like the Guindy National park (Tamil Nadu), Rollapadu (Andhra Pradesh) , various wildlife sanctuaries in Punjab and Chilka (Orissa) and other few parts of Rajasthan and Haryana. Black buck is state animal of Punjab.
The most beautiful animal Red Panda (Red Fox) is now facing lots of trouble and is now listed as most endangered species in India. Indian Red Panda is also known by the name of Red Fox. There are only two kinds of Red Pandas found in the world. India has 20 protected areas with Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh , Khangchendzonga (West Bengal) and Namdapha National Park. The endangered species (Red Panda/Red Fox) live in temperate climate deciduous and coniferous forests, usually with an understorey (a layer of vegetation beneath the main canopy of a forest) of bamboo and hollow trees.
Indian Wild Dog
Indian Wild Dog (Dhole) is one of the top predators( natural animals hunter) of wild forest,living in groups, hunting in groups . Asiatic wild dogs is also called the whistling hunter, because it has an extraordinary/unique vocal call. Dhole / Wild dog is found in national parks of Assam, Bengal, Gujarat, Kashmir, Madhya Pradesh, and Nilgiri Biosphere reserve (south India) . It is surveyed that about 2500 Dholes are left in the forests. Main reason behind decline is habitat destruction and scarcity of food . “The PACK”, which is one of the best documentary made on Asiatic wild dogs.
The Nilgiri Langur is mainly found in the Nilgiri Hills of the Western Ghats in South India, Kodagu in Karnataka, Palani Hills in Tamil Nadu and many other hilly areas in Kerala. The Nilgiri Black Langur is one of the 13 species of monkeys found in India, which is losing population day by day due to poaching (for fur and flesh) , deforestation and loss in natural habitat. Indian golden langur also falls under same category of endangered animals in India.
Indian Wild Ass
Indian wild ass (khur) is a related subspecies of Asiatic wild ass mainly found only in Rann of Kutch (Gujrat). Its last refuge lies in the Indian Wild Ass Sanctuary, Little bit in Rann of Kutch and its surrounding areas. Its number is around 362 and hence it is classified as highly endangered species in India.