WORLD MALARIA DAY
Every year on 25 April World Malaria Day (WMD) is commemorated. This day is celebrated all over world to make people aware about global efforts done to control malaria. Globally, approximately 3.3 billion people in 106 countries are at risk of malaria and in 2012, malaria caused an estimated 627,000 deaths. It mostly affected African children.
In the 60th session of the World Health Assembly, WHO’s decision-making body in may 2007 established World Malaria Day. The basic purpose behind this day was to provide “education and understanding of malaria” and spread information on “malaria-control strategies, including community-based activities for prevention of malaria and its treatment in endemic areas.”
Prior to the establishment of World Malaria Day (WMD), Africa Malaria Day (AMD) was held on April 25. Africa Malaria Day was first held in year 2001. Now World Malaria Day (WMD) is held on 25th April.
Each Malaria Day has a specific Malaria day themes. Themes of years are given below:-
World Malaria Day Theme 2008 – “Malaria: a disease without borders “
World Malaria Day Theme 2009-2010 – “Counting malaria out”
World Malaria Day Theme 2011 – “Achieving Progress and Impact”
World Malaria Day Theme 2012 – “Sustain Gains, Save Lives: Invest in Malaria”
World Malaria Day Theme 2013-2014-2015 – “Invest in the future: defeat malaria” (WORLD MALARIA DAY THEME 2015)
WORLD MALARIA DAY THEME 2015
Intensive research is going on malaria vaccine. Currently there is no practical or effective vaccine that has been introduced into clinical practice. We will update when Proper vaccine will come.
The medicines which are currently used to cure malaria should be taken by the infected person as it is most effective if you take the recommended dosage exactly as prescribed and exact duration of recommended time is followed.
Prevention of malaria includes protecting oneself against mosquito bites and taking anti-malarial medicines to avoid infection. Public health officials strongly recommend that travelling to areas where malaria is common should be avoided by young children and pregnant women.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the World Health Organization (WHO) provide latest information about malaria. While travelling abroad one should know about malaria in that geographical area by contacting CDC at its toll-free phone number (1-800-232-4636) or its website (www.cdc.gov/malaria/travelers/index.html).
One should be careful about mosquito bites and there are certain guidelines to be followed:-
- One should stay inside when it is dark outside and one should have a screened or air-conditioned room.
- One should wear protective clothing which means long pants and full sleeved shirts.
- Use insect repellent with DEET (N,N diethylmetatoluamide). The repellent is available in varying strengths up to 100%. In young children, use a preparation containing less than 24% strength, because too much of the chemical can be absorbed through the skin.
- While sleeping one should Use bed nets (mosquito netting) sprayed with or soaked in an insecticide such as permethrin or deltamethrin. In some areas, mosquitoes have become resistant to permethrin and deltamethrin so one should also be aware of this.
- One should avoid going to those areas where malaria and mosquitoes are present (For example, if one is pregnant, very young, and very old).