28 February each year is celebrated as National Science Day in India . On this day (28th February) Indian physicist Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman made the discovery of the Raman effect (the phenomenon of scattering of light) at the Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science in Kolkata. After two years in 1930 , Due to this great discovery CV Raman was honored and awarded with the Nobel Prize in the Physics. This was the first Nobel Prize for India in the field of Science.
HISTORY BEHIND NATIONAL SCIENCE DAY
8th of February, 1928 was the eminent day in India. On this day the famous Indian physicist, Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman (CV Raman)+++ made discovery of a phenomenon of scattering of photons which was later known as ‘Raman Effect’ after his name . He was first one in the science, who had made such an significant research in india. To commemorate and honor this event in coming future, the National Council for Science and Technology Communication (NCSTC) declared 28th February as National Science day from the year 1986 onwards.
MOTIVE BEHIND CELEBRATIING NATIONAL SCIENCE DAY
- National Science Day in India is being celebrated every year to widely spread an idea how eminent is the role of scientific applications in the daily life of the people.
- To show that all the efforts, activities and achievements in the field of science are for human welfare.
- To have a word on all the issues and implement (put into effect) new technologies for the development of the science and people.
- It is Celebrated to inspire the people as well as popularize the Science and Technology.
- To provide opportunity and show way to the scientific minded citizens in the country.
- It helps eradicating blind faith and beliefs which is still there in many parts of the country.
- To bring peace and prosperity with a cleaner environment and sustainable use of resource for the benefit of mankind ( As Health and hygiene issues are prime concerns for the common people).
TASKS DONE ON NATIONAL SCIENCE DAY
On this day students of various schools and colleges take part in various science projects . National and state science institutions teach-in their latest researches. The celebration of national science day also includes public speech, radio-TV talk shows, movies based on science, science exhibition based on themes and various concepts, watching night sky, live projects and researches teach-in, debates, quiz competitions, lectures, science models exhibitions and many more tasks.
On this day oration is given by the minister of science and technology to give a note to the students, scientists, researchers and common people of the nation.
THEMES OF NATIONAL SCIENCE DAY
As per exams like bank , ssc , upsc questions on themes are every time asked. Let us have a look on themes of national science day.
- In 1999 – “Our Changing Earth”
- In 2000 – “Recreating Interest in Basic Science”
- In 2001 – “Information Technology for Science Education”
- In 2002 – “Wealth from Waste”
- In 2003 – “50 years of DNA & 25 years of IVF – The blue print of Life”
- In 2004 – “Encouraging Scientific Awareness in Community”
- In 2005 – “Celebrating Physics”
- In 2006 – “Nurture Nature for our future”
- In 2007 – “More Crop Per Drop”
- In 2008 – “Understanding the Planet Earth”
- In 2009 – “Expanding Horizons of Science”
- In 2010 – “Gender Equity, Science & Technology for Sustainable Development”
- In 2011 – “Chemistry in Daily Life”
- In 2012 – “Clean Energy Options and Nuclear Safety”
- In 2013 – “Genetically Modified Crops and Food Security”
- In 2014 – “Fostering Scientific Temper”
- In 2015 – “Science for Nation Building”
- In 2016 – “Scientific Issues for Development of the Nation”
- In 2017 – “Science and Technology for Specially Abled Persons”