Read the following sentences:-
- Who are you?
- Whose is this book?
- Which is your house?
- Who is there?
- Which if the book do you like the most?
- What is the matter?
- What do you want from me?
- What does he want?
- Which do you prefer, juice or soft drink?
After reading all sentences , it will be noticed that pronouns used in above sentences are similar to Relative Pronouns but the work done by these Pronouns is different . Here the Pronouns are used for asking questions , such Pronouns are known as Interrogative Pronouns.
There is another way in which a question can be asked.
- I asked who was writing on the wall.
- Ask what he said.
- Tell me what you would like .
- I don’t know who is there.
NOTE:- There are three cases Nominative, Possessive, Accusative. One must know which sentence refer to which case. Here are some example read them carefully.
Nominative–Who (Nominative meaning:- Denoting something)
Possessive–Whose ( Possessive meaning:- Demanding with total attention and love)
Accusative–Whom/Who (Accusative meaning:- Relating to or denoting a case that expresses the object of an action or the goal of motion.)
- Who gave you that book? (Nominative)
- Whose is this car? (Possessive)
- Whose next? (Possessive)
- Whose notes are you reading? (Possessive)
- What is this? (Nominative)
- What do you want? (Accusative)
- Which do you prefer? (Accusative)
“Who” is used for persons only of whom the speaker is speaking. It inquires about the name or the parentage of which the person is speaking about.
- Who spoke?
- Who is at the door?
- Who went there?
- Who is beautiful?
- Who made the the highest score?
- Whom did you help?
“Which” is used for both persons and things, but refers to selection of one or more out of known number as given in sentence. “Which” inquires about a particular person out of group of persons.
- Which is your car?
- Which are your books?
- Which of these notes is yours?
- Which will you take?
- Which of the wallpapers do you like the best?
- Which will you choose?
- Which of you has done this? (Person)
- Which of you saw him? (Person)
- Which came first and second ? (Person)
“What” is used with things and person. “What” inquires about the profession or social position of the person spoken about.
- What did he say?
- What was it all about?
- What does he want?
- What do they want?
- What has he found?
- What have you found?
- What is he? (Person)
In answer we can say, He is an engineer.
- What are you? (Person)
In answer we can say, I am a dentist.
NOTE:- In some sentences we use interrogative pronouns like Whatever , Whoever which are called as Compound Interrogative Pronouns/ Semi interrogative Pronouns.
- Whatever is he doing?, i don’t care
- Whoever told you so?
- Whenever i go out she meets me?
USES OF INTERROGATIVE PRONOUNS:-
- “Do“, “Did” and “Does” should not be used after “Who” (In general sense).
1.) Who did take your car? (WRONG)
Who took your car? (CORRECT)
2.) Who does help you currently? (WRONG)
Who helps you currently? (CORRECT)
- “Where” , “Why” and “When” are also used as Interrogative pronouns.
1.) Why are you so lazy?
2.) Why are you angry?
3.) Where do you live?
4.) When are you leaving?
5.) When did he come here?
- “Whenever” , “Whatever” , “Whoever” , “Whosoever” are called as Compound Interrogative Pronouns/ Semi interrogative Pronouns. Compound Interrogative Pronouns/ Semi interrogative Pronouns are explained above.
DO YOU KNOW?
What is Pronoun and its kinds?
For answer go to “PRONOUN AND KINDS OF PRONOUN“
What is Noun?
For answer go to “NOUN AND KINDS OF NOUN“
What is Sentence, Subject and Predicate?
For answer go to “Sentence, Subject and Predicate“
WHAT IS DEMONSTRATIVE PRONOUN?
FOR ANSWER CLICK ON “DEMONSTRATIVE PRONOUNS“
.WHAT IS INDEFINITE PRONOUN?
FOR ANSWER CLICK ON “INDEFINITE PRONOUN“