International Day against Female Genital Mutilation : The violation of human rights is always seen as a heinous crime in the eyes of every constitution across the world. Among a plethora of such crimes, female genital mutilation (FGM) violates the human rights of women and girls. It does not merely reflect gender inequality but the extreme form of discrimination that women in various regions of the world face.
Under this cruel act, mostly the minor girl children face this genital mutilation that violates the rights to health, physical integrity, and security. Also, their right to live free from cruelty and torture gets violated and sometimes this inhuman treatment violates the right to life of the victim girls or women when this act leads to their death. To protect the girl children from this crime, the international day of zero tolerance for female genital mutilation is observed across every corner of the globe.
International Day against Female Genital Mutilation
History of International Day of Zero Tolerance For Female Genital Mutilation
The credit of the world day against Female Genital Mutilation goes to the World Health Organization that issued a joint statement in 2007 to stop this practice both through the UNICEF (United Nations Children’s Fund) along with the UNFPA (United Nations Population Fund). Since then, a huge number of efforts were made by the WHO to combat this practice and give a free world to the girl children, and women who face the brutality of this crime. In 2007, UNFPA and UNICEF began a joint program to elevate the efforts against the abandonment of this inhuman practice. A lot of other initiatives were also taken by WHO and its partners in 2008, 2010, and 2012.
Facts about the day
- The population of the whole world observes the international day of zero tolerance for female genital mutilation on 6th February annually.
- The introduction of the day took place in the year of 2003 to eradicate the practice of female genital mutilation.
- In the year 2020, the theme for the observance of the day was “Unleashing Youth Power:: One decade of accelerating the actions against female genital mutilation“
- The purpose of the day is to end the Female Genital Mutilation crime across the boundaries of the whole world in a decade. Due to this, the theme always focuses on the power of the youth that can play a major role in the elimination of harmful practices everywhere that includes FGM too.
What is Female Genital Mutilation?
Female Genital Mutilation is a practice that includes partial or complete removal of external female genitalia. It also includes the injuries that lead to hurt female genital organs whether done for non-medical reasons. In the majority of the cases, girls become a victim of this practice from infancy to the age of 15 in the various regions of Africa, (North Eastern, Eastern, and Western Africa). Also, it takes place in South East Asia, Middle-East Asia, and European immigrants.
Extrapolating the above, the war to eliminate this practice is still going on and the efforts will be made according to the need in the near or far future too.
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