Demonstrative Pronouns Definition and Examples
DEFINITION:- These are the pronouns which refers (demonstrates) to nouns instead of which it is used, Such pronouns are called Demonstrative pronouns.
- This is the present from my sister.
- The people of India are poorer than those of Canada.
- That is the Taj Mahal.
- I may have offended but such was not my intensions.
- Both books are good, but this is better than that.
NOTE 1:- “This” and “That” are used for singular nouns. “These” and “Those” are used with plural nouns.
When we use “That” with its plural “Those“, it is used to avoid repetition. of a preceding noun.
1. The people of India are poorer than that of Canada. (it is wrong)
CORRECT:- The people of India are poorer than those of Canada.
2. The water of Ganga is purer than that of Yamuna.
3. Johny never cared of his health and that ruined him.
4. This pen is mine. (this used as singular)
5. Those books are mine.(those used as plural)
6. That pen is mine.(that used as singular)
7. Those books are yours.(those used as plural)
NOTE 2:- “This” refers to what is close at hand & nearest to the thought. “That” refers to what is farther away, more remote and farther to the thought.
1. This car is mine.
2. That car is mine.
3. This cardboard is better than that cardboard.
4. This is better than that.
5. What was that noise?
Note 3:- “These” and “Those” should not be used before “Kind of” and “Sort of“.
1. These kind of army is strong. (WRONG)
This kind of army is strong. (CORRECT:- Army is taken as singular)
2. Those sort of people are rich. (WRONG)
That sort of people are rich. (CORRECT)
NOTE 4:- When two nouns have been mentioned in a clause or sentence going before, “This” is the substitute for the latter & “That” is the substitute for the former.
1. Both health and hardwork are necessary i.e this (hardwork) gives us knowledge and that (health) gives us energy for doing hardwork.
2. Alcohol and tobacco are both injurious ; this perhaps, less than that.
3. Virtue and vice offer themselves for your choice ; this (vice) leads to misery that(virtue) leads to happiness.
NOTE 5:- “One” and its plural “one’s“ are said as Demonstrative Pronouns when they are used as substitute for noun.
1. I lost my book but i have got one from my father.
2. The books that you sent me are not good one’s.
3. One must not praise One’s self.
NOTE 6:- “Such” is a demonstrative Pronoun when it is used as a substitute for a noun.
1. I am a party to this case and as such i cannot help you.
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DO YOU KNOW?
- What is Pronoun and its kinds?
For answer go to “PRONOUN AND KINDS OF PRONOUN“
- What is Noun?
For answer go to “NOUN AND KINDS OF NOUN“
- What is Sentence, Subject and Predicate?
For answer go to “Sentence, Subject and Predicate“
TO ENHANCE YOUR GENERAL KNOWLEDGE GO TO “YOU MUST KNOW (GENERAL AWARENESS) PART 1“